WOW! Horticulture is so much more than gardening...

Swedish Garden of EXPO 2014 is going to hold in Qingdao, China. The full name of this EXPO is 2014 Qingdao International Horticulture Exhibiton.

Urbanization, City Planning

Many countries in the world are becoming increasingly industrialized and urbanized. In China alone, over the past 10 years 400 million people have moved from rural to urban areas! Moreover, this urban migration rate is expected to accelerate in the coming decade. The point is, horticulture has an increasingly important role to play in these densely populated areas. Hence, the demand for horticulture amenities will grow in the years to come as economies expand, more people move up to the “middle class” and expect and demand a better quality of life. For example, Singapore is a small island state that has done a remarkable job of incorporating horticulture amenities so effectively that moving about the city is actually a pleasure. In fact, Singapore is probably the “greenest” city in all of Asia if not the world. 

Food Safety, Productivity, Vertical Farming

Limitations on the availability of agricultural land, increasing food costs, concerns over food security and bioterrorism, and environmental challenges surrounding food transport and water consumption increasingly focus the public’s attention on the sources, horticulture, and nutritional value of crops.Vertical farming approaches are the latest in plant growing technology, with the potential to meet the needs of human populations (in addition to the animals of our zoos and wildlife parks) while reducing the pressure to clear natural habitats for crops. The technology could usher in a new era of urban horticulture.

Read more about vertical farming: http://www.greenwisebusiness.co.uk/news/taking-horticulture-to-new-levels-vertical-farming-1725.aspx

Sustainable Development, Modern Infrastructure

Horticultural activities inevitably have some impact on the natural resources harnessed for the production of fruit, vegetables and other products.  As awareness of sustainability issues increases, horticultural industries are becoming increasingly concerned with maintaining and protecting their resource base and the wider environment. Some past and some current production systems have failed to address the impact they have on the environment resulting in the degradation of the natural resource base on both a local and landscape scale. The challenges facing current and future generations of horticultural producers are to increase sustainability by minimizing their impact on the environment and to repair the effects of past practices now known to be inappropriate to the Australian landscape. It is first necessary to have an economically viable production system if the costs of these investments in environmental enhancement are to be carried by the current generation of farmers. To ensure the horticultural industries are sustainable, management strategies need to encapsulate practices that minimize impacts on the environment. Approaches such as Environmental Management Systems are being developed to facilitate the adoption of sustainable practices into the farm management system.

Read more about sustainable horticulture: http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0020/60374/Sustainable_horticulture-_Primefact_144-final.pdf

Soil Cleaning, Waste Management, Usable Earth

Usually, waste management of horticulture involves clearance and disposal services for wood and horticultural waste from construction on an ad-hoc basis inclusive of labor, equipment and transportation. The collected waste is sent to recycling plant. At the recycling plant the collected wood and horticultural waste are crushed, ploughed, sieved and piled up to undergo composting process. The finer grades are sold to local farmers and horticultural firms for planting. And for producing of bio-degradable items such as bio-pots and trays could be used in landscaping projects. The coarser grades are further mixed with sub-soil and bacteria (organic plus activators) to prolong another 2 months of composting. At the final stage the end product is rich with organic contents and are packed and sold to local nurseries as nutrient rich fertilizer.

Renewable Energy

Energy efficiency and environmental emissions are a significant challenge for all of horticulture. Reducing energy use without affecting crop yield or increasing production costs is of major importance to growers. Renewable energy offers significant financial and other benefits to landholders and rural communities.

Automation, Machine Planting

Contribution of horticultural and floricultural crops to the total agricultural production in the country is quite significant due to highly favorable and varied agro-ecological diversities. Major field operations for horticultural crops include nursery/seedling preparation, post hole digging for planting, intercultural, aeration, earthling, irrigation, plant protection, harvesting, handling, packaging transport. The cultivation of horticultural crops is predominantly dependent upon human labor, since commercial cultivation is only on a limited scale.

Air Circulation

Ventilation is important to many agricultural and horticultural production systems, and on average it accounts for 14% of energy bills across the sector. Following a few simple energy saving measures can save up to 20% of ventilation energy consumption. 

Horticulture is so much more, horticulture is about our life and our plant. Horticulture is about you and me!

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