about Shandong

An outline of Shandong

Geographical location

Shandong Province lies on the east coast of China and at the lower reaches fo the Yellow River. It borders on the Bohai and the Huanghai seas in the east, and faces the Koreans peninsula and the Japanese archipelago across a vast stretch of sea. The Yellow River, Chinese mother river, flows into the sea at the Bohai Bay with an extension ver 610 kilometres in the province.


With a total land area of 157 100 square kilometres, Shandong Province makes up 1,6 percent of the territory of China. It is about 700 kilometres long from east to west and the widest distance from south to north is 420 kilometres. The highest peak is Mount Taishan, 1 532,7 metres above sea level. The lowest land is at the Yellow River delta, only 2 metres above sea level.


The population of Shandong is 9.7 million, the second largest in China. The population density is 603 people per square kilometer.

Administrative divisions

Shandong, the location name as such, can be traced back to the spring and autumn period(722BC – 221 BC). In the year of 1357, this land was called Shandong Xingsheng, a provincial administrative area of Yuan Dynasty (1206 – 1368). In 1368, it was delimited as Shandong Buzhengsi, a provincial treasurer authority of Ming Dynasti (1368 – 1644) with a territory almost the same as today. In 1636, Shandong officially got its name as Shandong Province in Qing Dynasty (1616 – 1911). There are up to now 17 municipalities including 140 counties, cities and districts under its jurisdiction. The capital of the province is Jinan.


The coastline of Shandong province is over 3000 kilometres. The offshore are is more than 170 00 square kilometres with 299 islands. Of the 140 kinds of minerals found in the province 57 kinds are among the top 19 in terms of reserves in China. In 2010, 517,7 tons of gold, 5,94 millions of coal and 490 million tons of iron ore were discovered as new resources reserve.


Shandong province has a mild climate and 4 distinctive seasons with an average annual temperature ranging from 11 to 14 centigrades and an average annual rainfall of 550-950 mm.


Shandong is a big economic power in China. Its GDP value in 2010 totaled 3,94162 trillion RMB yuan were contributed by the Shandong Peninsula Blue Economic Zone, and 567,85 billion RMB yuan by the Yellow Delta Efficient Ecological Economic Zone.


In 2010 the added value generated from scale-above industries increased by 15 percent and main business revenue reached 8,9168 trillion RMB yuan.

Outputs of major industrial products in 2010

Raw coal

156,536 million tons

Crude oil

27,86 million tons


147,492 million tons

Electricity power

304,27 billion kwh

Plate glass

60,849 million weight cases


66,722 million tons

Cotton yarns

7,31 million tons


13.91 billion metres


An industrial structure with energy, chemical industry, metallurgy, building materials, machinery, electronics, textile and foodstuff as mainstay, has formed on the whole. A number of leading enterprises and brand-name products have come forth.


Shandong is powerful in agriculture and has the county´s highest agricultural output. In 2010, its grain output hit 43,357 million tons, cotton 724 000 tons, oil crops 3 422 million tons, meat products 7,047 million tons. In recent years Shandong province has developed into the biggest “Vegetable Basket” of China and the total output of vegetables reached 90,307 million tons in 2010.


Shandong is a renowed producer of various fruits with main products of apples, pears, peaches, apricots, dates, grapes and watermelons. In 2010, the total output of fruits reached 14,389 million tons.

Forest coverage of whole province is 24 percent. In 2010, afforestation area were newly accumulated by 3,077 million mu.

In 2010, aquatic products in Shandong were 7,834 million tons.

Life standard

In 2010, the per capita disposable income of urban residents reached 19,946 RMB yuan; the per capita net income of farmers reached 6 990 RMB yuan. The people in the province, by and large, hav been enjoying a moderately prosperous life.



Shandong is well known for ist longmilage and high-grade highways and its expressway milage, which ranks on the top positions in China, has reached more than 4 285 kilometres.


Shandong has constructed 8 airports including 4 international ones of Jinan, Qingdao, Yantai and Weihai. These airports now offer over 300 domestic and international air lines and those international routes are to Japan, R.O Korea, Singapore, Russia and Thailand etc.


There are 26 ports along the Shandong coast, leading the country in term of the port density with an annual handling capacity reaching 860 million tons. As one of the 5 largest ports in China, Qingdao Port´s annual handling capacity of goods in 2010 achieved a breakthrough of 350 million tons and that of containers exceeded 12 million TEUs.


Shandong has 26 arterial and feeder railways. The two trunk railways of China, Beijing – Shanghai Railway and Beijing – Kowloon Railway run through the province from north to south, Jingna – Qingdao Railway and Yanzhou – Shijiusuo Railway extend from west to east. In 2010, railroad passenger volume reached 60 614 million.

Post and Telecommunication

Shandong´s post and telecommunication have been by and large modernized. The ratio between population and telephones is 100/86,2 both in city and rural area. Currently there are altogether 61.904 million mobile phone subscribers.

Opening to the outside world

Shandong province is an important coastal region opening to the outside world in eastern China. 8 municipalities of Qingdao, Yantai, Weihai, Zibo, Weifang, Rizhao, Jinan and Dongying have been listed in the Shandong Peninsula Economic Open Zone consecutively. There are 16 category-1 ports open to foreign vessels and airplanes in the province.

Since the opening-up, the province has established 169 pairs of sisterhood relationship, including 35 sister provinces (states, regions), 118 sister municipalities and 16 sister counties from 50 contries of 5 continents.

Shandong is the hometown for 500 000 overseas Chinese and foreign citizens, of Chinese origin, whose dwelling places mainly are R. O. Korea, USA, Japan, Russia, India, Singapore, Indonesia and some other countries and regions.

Shandong is one of China´s most important provinces in foreign trade. The province has developed trade relations with over 180 countries and regions across the world. Its foreign trade volume in 2010 hit 188 951 billion US dollars in total, among which 84,7 billion US dollars are from import and 104,25 from export. Now the number of Shandong enterprises established abroad has reached 2 386.

In 2010 Shandong had actually utilized 9,17 billion US dollars of foreign investment while the gross paid-in value of foreign funds has reached 111,81 billion US dollars since reform and opening-up.

Shandong province has spared no efforts to improve investment environment and attract overseas investors. In 2010, 242 new big projects were approved in the province with overseas investment exceeding 30 million US dollars. At present, 211 Fortune Global 500 companies have come to Shandong for investment.

Science, education, culture and public health

Science and technology

In 2010, the province won 36 national scientific and technological  progress awards, 2 367 prominent scientific research achievments were made and 80 900 applications for patent rights were filed. There are 37 academicians from the China Academy of Science and the Engineering Academy of China resident in Shandong. Shandong has 700 middle-aged and young experts with outstanding contributions, 100 more than before.


The province has 133 regular institutions of higher education with 1 631 million enrolled students and among which 65 000 are postgraduates. The enrollment in 709 secondary vocational school of province is 1 132 million. There are 50107 million students in 3 645 middle schools. The number of pupils in 12 405 elementary schools is 6.2925 million.


Shandong as an important birthplace of Chinese civilization, enjoys time-honored and splendid culture and arts. The province has over 30 local operas including Lv opera, Liuzi opera and Shandong Bangzi, among which Guzi Yangge, Jiaozhou Yangge and Haiyang Yangge are called “the three major Yangees” of Shandong.

Shandong has achieved another name as “Mountain if Books and Sea of Songs” for its sophisticated arts of story telling and ballad singing. Shandong is also known domestically and internationally for its world-acclaimed acrobatics. In Shandong there are 111 museums, 150 public libraries, 9 state-level cultural industry demonstration bases, 71 provincial level cultural industry demonstration bases and one national cultural industry demonstration park.

There are 87 different newspapers, 260 magazines and periodicals officially endorsed. 11 837 kinds of books have been published. Dazhong Daily is a newspaper directly run by the provincial authorities with circulation exceeding 400 000.

There are 92 radio stations covering 98 percent of the province´s total population and 18 TV stations covering 98 percent of the province´s total population. Shandong TV Station is onde of the earliest Chinese domestic stations which broadcast programs by satellite. This station is putting out programs 24 hours a day covering across whole China and more than 40 neighboring countries and regions.


Shandong boasts strong competence in sports area. It ranks top in China in many athletic sports, including track & field, gymnastics, table tennis, martial art, swimming, weight lifting, shooting, sailing, boat racing, kayak, basketball, football etc. In 2010, during the 16th Asian Games which were held in Guangzhou, 185 athletes of the province joined the national delegation and won 39 gold, 8 silver and 14 bronze medals, broke one Asian record, achieved best results in Asian Games history.

Health care

There are 16 000 medical institutions in Shandong province, with 382 500 clinical beds and 440 800 personnel engaging in healthcare sector.


By now a tourism structure consisting of several distinctive lines and areas is taking shape in the province: tourism line formed by Baotu Spring, Mount Taishan and the Sage´s (Confusius and Mencius) birthplace located in Jinan,
Tai ´an, Qufu and Zoucheng from north to south, beach area connected with Qingdao, Yantai and Weihai; folk customs tourism area featuring kite, Yangjiabu woodcut spring paintings and folkcostumes round Weifang city, Ancieht Qi city, pit of sacrificial horses and the old residence of Pu Songling in Zibo; the Yellow River estuary tourism zone characterized with the wonder of the river pouring inte the sea and its primitive natural scenes; Shuihu Legends tourist region featuring stories of the classical novel “Outlaws of the Marsh” mainly in Liangshan county and Yanggu county.

Each year, there are many major tourism envents to be staged: Weifang International Kite Festival and Zibo International Ceramics Exhibition in April; Electrical Appliances Exposition in June; Qingdao International Beer Festival in August, Qufu International Confusius Cultural Festival and Mount Taishan International Climbing Festival in September and some other tourism fairs.

In 2010, Shandong received 350 million tourist arrivals including 3.668 million inbound ones. Last year the total turnover of the tourism industry reached 305.88 billion RMB yuan with 2.16 billion US dollars from inbound tourists. There are 458 A-level tourist scenic spots and 23 provincial level tourist holiday resorts. 

Additional information